Summary of Algo Habrán Hecho por la Historia de Chile. Capitulo 4. OHiggins y Carrera. HD

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The video discusses the history of Chile and the role of José Miguel Carrera in the country's fight for independence. Carrera is painted as a traitor, and his execution 10 years after he staged a coup is discussed. The video also discusses the first Chilean Constitution and the country's struggle to retain its independence.

  • 00:00:00 In the video, Manuel Meinvitado discusses the history of Chile and its relation to the United States. He relates that on September 30, 1812, Chile celebrated its national day, which had been postponed due to disturbances three times in the previous year. José Miguel Estébanez is currently the president of Chile and has only been in office for 27 years, making him a part of a generational change. Camilo Henríquez, who founded Chile's first newspaper, is also discussed. Fray Camilo Henríquez, who became Chile's unofficial spokesman, was named after him.
  • 00:05:00 In this video, an overview is given of the Chilean history of the 19th and 20th centuries, including the independence movement and the coup d'état of 1973. Point-by-point analysis is given of the reglament of José Miguel Carrera, which is considered to be an early declaration of Chilean independence. The video also discusses the personal life of José Miguel Carrera, including his attempt to form a family with his mother and sister, who were only loosely associated with him. Finally, the video discusses José Miguel Carrera's horses, which are considered to be some of the best in Chile.
  • 00:10:00 In this video, General Antonio Pareja marches his Spanish troops from Concepción to Santiago, taking control of the government in the process. Carrera, who had been in charge of the army, takes over as commander. Meanwhile, Higgin's forces are re-organizing, and he plans an attack on the Spanish-held lines at Linares. However, Pareja's plan is considered too risky and is ultimately not successful. Furthermore, the disorder and inefficiency that had plagued Higgin's army during the battle of Chillán continues, as does his brother's bad behavior. When Higgin's forces are defeated at the Battle of Roble, Pareja is relieved of his command. Higgin then tries to kidnap Carrera's sister, but is unsuccessful. Pareja then assumes overall command of the army and begins to organize the soldiers scattered throughout the territory. He is able to gather four thousand men under his command, divided into three divisions under the command of Luis Carrera, Juan Jose Carrera, and José Miguel Carrera. José Miguel Carrera is not doing well, and Higgin's traitors and Realistas leave Chillán in defeat. Pareja then retreats to his brother's estate, where he
  • 00:15:00 In 1814, after years of fighting, Chile finally achieves independence from Spain. However, the new government is quickly divided between guionistas (those who write the scripts of the war) and carreristas (those who fight in the war), which makes it easier for the Spanish to gain ground. After a defeat at the Battle of Rolle, General Gabino Gaínza is replaced as commander in chief by Bernardo O'Higgins, who is opposed by José Miguel Carrera. In 1817, after years of fighting, O'Higgins and Carrera sign the Treaty of Lircay, in which the Chileans recognize Spanish rule and the Spanish government agrees to let O'Higgins govern in turn. Carrera is then appointed commander of the Chinese army, but the Spanish Crown does not renounce its claim to Chilean territory. On this day's edition of La Epoca, one of the patriots who will be leaving for the Chilean army to fight the Spanish is General José Miguel Carrera.
  • 00:20:00 In this video, General José Miguel Carrera explains the Chilean Civil War, in which he and his troops fought against the Chilean government forces. Although they were outnumbered and outgunned, the patriots managed to hold off the realists for 33 hours before they were forced to retreat.
  • 00:25:00 The video discusses the history of Chile, focusing on the roles of General O'Higgins and Colonel Carrera. The narrator explains that it was too risky not to take action at this point, as the general's complaints are widely believed. He assures the audience that if we can organize a force of three thousand men along the Maipo River, we can still stop General Sanchez. However, our forces are exhausted and our enemy is equally exhausted. Only our passion is greater and more noble. For now, the cause is lost, and it is necessary to withdraw troops as soon as possible and protect our men and the nation's assets. I have ordered the dismantling of all government institutions and garrisons. All factories and fortifications will be destroyed. We will leave the people alone. We will return when our enemy is weakened. The general is usually calm, but rumors are spreading that he is about to launch a new campaign. Most patriots have retired to exile, using the Andes Mountains to travel to Mendoza. Colonel Carrera has also retired, traveling with his wife and sister. Meanwhile, Governor Osorio assumes control of Chile in Santiago. The people greet him with cheers, but they also shout at him, asking him to finish what he started
  • 00:30:00 In this video, secret society Lautaro is mentioned. The society's objective is to free America from Spanish control. Lautaro's name is in honor of an Indian leader whose achievements are known in Europe through Alonso de Ercilla's poem, "The Aráucana." Bernardino de Hita's "History of the Incas" is also a source of information about Lautaro. San Martín's strategy for liberating America was based on a British plan of invasion dating back to 1800. Unfortunately, Carrera did not join this secret society, which limited his ability to participate in their plans. The Spanish army regained power in Chile and brutally suppressed the patriots. However, the patriots who had fled to the mountains continued the fight, using Carrera's connections to organize and supply them. Today, Carrera's legacy is contested by patriot and Spanish soldiers in numerous battles that culminate in the Battle of Rancagua in October 1814. All of Chile's history, from its myths and legends to modern culture, is at stake. If Carrera and his followers are unsuccessful, Chile will lose its independence. The success of the liberation effort depends on the spies and information they have at their disposal. One such spy is Rodrigo de
  • 00:35:00 In this video, Algo Habrán Hecho por la Historia de Chile, Capitulo 4, OHiggins and Carrera are discussed. 5000 men were sent to Mendoza, but the patriots were more prepared, and this was a key factor in their victory. Six columns crossed simultaneously between Copiapó and Talca, neutralizing the realist forces that were moving to Santiago. The southern forces, acting as the main column, extracted and weakened the enemy's forces in the process. Here, Higgins faces the Spanish in a decisive battle that determines the final victory for the patriot army. The Battle of Chacao was decisive in the patriots' victory. The original Inca road leading into Santiago passed through this street, which was the oldest in Chile. Pedro de Valdivia entered here in 1535 and Victorioso the Liberator won the Battle of Chacao, also here, between all of the people. As usual, the Spanish still don't give up and send reinforcements. More battles follow until the final victory is achieved. The environment in which the battle took place was important. Eloy didn't participate in the Battle of Maipú, as he was injured just before that battle. José Miguel Juan
  • 00:40:00 In this video, titled "Algo Habrán Hecho por la Historia de Chile. Capitulo 4. OHiggins y Carrera. HD," historian Diego Arria discusses the history of Chile and the role of José Miguel Carrera. He argues that Carrera was a traitor to his country, and that he was executed 10 years after he staged a coup.
  • 00:45:00 The Chilean Army liberates the country from Spanish rule, and in a decisive battle, Jean defeats the Spanish in Maipú. This victory allows for the establishment of the first Chilean Constitution, which is ratified in 1818. José Miguel Carrera is arrested and transported to Argentina, where he is held captive and tortured. His brothers are also executed for their part in the Revolution. None of them die in battle against the Spanish; they are killed by internal strife. Chile retains its independence, but has a long road ahead of it with many problems.

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