Dr. Mayo discusses various strategies to recall what you study and remember what you read. He emphasizes the difference between reading and studying, with the latter requiring more effort and concentration. He suggests reading with a purpose or goal beyond getting a good grade to be motivated to put in the necessary effort. Dr. Mayo advises against highlighting and instead suggests having a clear plan, good lighting, and eliminating distractions. He recommends previewing content and taking written notes while reading to embed the information into the brain. Flashcards are also an effective way to retain specific data, and spaced repetition is better than rote learning. The best-written notes are your flashcards, and reviewing them whenever possible can improve memory.