Summary of La CONQUITA DE MÉXICO: causas, historia, etapas, consecuencias, personajes⚔️

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This video covers the history and causes of the Spanish conquest of Mexico, from the arrival of Hernán Cortés in 1519 to the fall of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan in 1521. Cortés' victory over the Aztecs was due in part to his tenacity as a leader and the different cultures of the two sides. After the conquest, the Spanish introduced new crops and animals to Mexico, as well as new agricultural practices. The indigenous peoples of Mexico were displaced and their languages and cultures were suppressed.

  • 00:00:00 The Mexican conquest is a historical event through which the Spanish crown subjugated and acquired control of the Aztec empire. This military conflict lasted for two years, from 1519 to 1521, and was led by Hernán Cortés, who had arrived from Cuba. The Aztecs were defeated due to their different culture and the moral difference between the two sides. Spain continued its expansion across Mesoamerica, reaching its current territory by 1521. The main cause of the Mexican conquest was the Spanish desire to expand their territory and control new resources. Other factors included the Aztecs' military inferiority and Cortés' tenacity as a leader. Aztec culture and society was focused on omens that were not good according to historical writers, and their own emperor, Moctezuma, was concerned about the same thing. During the conflict, the Aztec morale was very different from the Spanish. The Aztecs had no problems with their military commands, but Cortés' men were very brutal in their conquests. Aztec cities were razed and their culture was destroyed. Aztec leaders were assassinated constantly, and Tenochtitlán, the Aztec capital, was always seen as a conqueror. Cortés exploited these circumstances
  • 00:05:00 This video covers the history and causes of the Mexican conquests, from the Spanish explorer Hernán Cortés' arrival in 1519 to the fall of Tenochtitlan in 1521. After Cortés' decisive victory over the Aztecs at the Battle of Tenochtitlan in 1521, he began organizing two expeditions to conquer Mexico's mainland. The first, in 1517, was led by Diego de Velázquez, and the second, in 1519, was commanded by Hernán Cortés himself. These two expeditions, along with subsequent military campaigns, led to the conquest of most of Mexico by 1521. By then, Cortés had become unpopular with the Spanish government, and he was forced to leave the mainland for Cuba in 1522. There, he continued to lead expeditions in search of new territory, but died in 1547.
  • 00:10:00 The video discusses the history and consequences of the Spanish conquest of Mexico. The Spanish forces were backed by their allies from the "Caltech" university, led by Emperor Cuauhtémoc. The Mexica (Aztec) resistance was formidable, but the Spanish technology eventually prevailed. On August 13, 1521, Tenochtitlan (the Aztec capital) surrendered, marking the end of Aztec rule in Mexico. The Spanish conquest of Mexico led to the displacement of many indigenous cultures and the spread of Spanish language and Catholicism over indigenous languages. The economic impact of the conquest was also significant, as new wealth was brought into Spain. The demographic decline of the indigenous populations before the conquest allowed for the arrival of African slaves, who also contributed to the population mix. New wealth was brought into Spain as a result of the conquest.
  • 00:15:00 This video introduces new crops, such as wheat and rice, and new animal species, such as cows and horses, that were introduced to Mexico after the Spanish Conquest. It also discusses the agricultural practices that were introduced to Mexico by the Spanish, including European language use before the arrival of the conquistadors. Mexico's indigenous cultures were very different from one another, and many of their languages were still spoken by the descendants of the conquerors even though Spanish was the only official language. The religious beliefs of the Aztecs were polytheistic, and after the Spanish arrived, they imposed Christianity on the indigenous peoples. The Aztecs' great pyramid of Tenochtitlan was destroyed after the arrival of the Spaniards, and the main temple where it was located was converted into the zócalo of Mexico City. The Spanish educational system, which was modeled after European systems, displaced the Aztec educational system. The first university in Mexico was founded on September 21, 1551, predating the current autonomous university by more than a century. Important historical figures in the conquest of Mexico include Hernán Cortés, Diego Velázquez, and Pedro de Alvarado, among others. Cortés was responsible for leading the first expedition to conquer
  • 00:20:00 The conquest of Mexico was a long and bloody process that resulted in the fall of the Aztec empire. La CONQUITA DE MÉXICO: causas, historia, etapas, consecuencias, personajes⚔️ provides a detailed overview of the events leading up to and including the conquest, including the education and aristocratic background of Cuauhtémoc. The massacre perpetrated by Pedro de Alvarado in May 1520 sparked the downfall of Moctezuma II, Cuauhtémoc's uncle, and led to the eventual conquest of Mexico by the Spanish in 1521. After taking control of the city, the Spanish began to hunt down and torture Cuauhtémoc for information on the Aztec treasure. In 1524, he was executed for treason. La CONQUITA DE MÉXICO: causas, historia, etapas, consecuencias, personajes⚔️ also covers the Spanish conquests of Guatemala and El Salvador, as well as the subsequent rule of Pedro de Alvarado in both countries.

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