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The video discusses the impact of the Ilustración movement on 18th and 19th century European society. The movement, which was centered in Paris, advocated for freedom, self-determination, and equality. The spread of its ideas among the upper classes led to a questioning of the traditional social hierarchy. This eventually led to the weakening of the monarchy and aristocracy.

  • 00:00:00 In the 18th century, European society was divided into three classes: the wealthy nobility, the clergy, and the poor peasants. Then, in the 19th century, Reason and Science began to question this tradition. Paris became the center of philosophical debate, as new currents of knowledge emerged. The intellectuals of Paris met to discuss writers of the Ilustración (Illustration movement) and the flourishing age of Reason. These included Voltaire, Rousseau, and other new voices in support of freedom, self-determination, and equality. Meanwhile, the passion for this new literature spread among the upper classes, but the struggle for equality begins to threaten the aristocratic style of life. As the ideas of the Ilustración penetrate other sectors of society, the aristocrats begin to question why the world is divided in this way, and progress is no longer possible. This will lead to the weakening of the idea that monarchy, aristocracy, and hierarchy are something natural.

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