Summary of "El Sabor de la Naturaleza, Áreas Naturales Protegidas para la Vida"

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00:00:00 - 00:20:00

This video discusses the importance of preserving natural areas and how this can be achieved through sustainable exploitation of resources. It features a man who has been working in this area for over 50 years and highlights some of the success stories from Peru.

  • 00:00:00 The video showcases the Pacaya Samiria, one of Peru's largest and most beautiful protected areas. The heart of the reserve is the Cocha el Dorado, a hotspot for magical colors and stories of misfortune in 1994. The country has recovered, however, with the help of sustainable exploitation of natural resources by local communities. Today, there are 2000 permittees in the reserve, and the farms and water reservoirs up in the hills are a result of their work. Don Wenseslao Saldaña, a long-time permittee, talks about the importance of sustainable exploitation of natural resources and how it has helped the country recover. He also gives an overview of the work being done by the Loreto Department of National Protected Areas, which is using a strategy of sustainable management and conservation of natural resources to work hand-in-hand with the local communities that have permits to exploit the area's resources.
  • 00:05:00 This video examines the success of the conservation and sustainable use of natural areas in Peru. It shares the story of the Peruvian rainforest, which was saved thanks to the efforts of environmentalists and traditional extractors. Today, more resources are available, and the population is becoming more aware of the importance of conserving our natural resources.
  • 00:10:00 This video shows a montage of beautiful nature scenes, including a protected area where the natural flavor of the water can be tasted. It talks about how, until a few years ago, local farmers would cut down trees over 25 years old to harvest their fruits. At first, these early workers started cutting down the tree from the bottom, and then they would cut it down into smaller pieces and leave it there. I said that I should harvest it, so they gave me a way to do it today. Now, the community has been able to re-integrate and reuse traditional harvesting techniques from their ancestors. The castañas, a tree that can grow to be over 60 feet tall and 4 feet in diameter, are a major economic force within the protected area. Each year, castañeros (people who harvest castañas) harvest between 1000 and 1500 kilos of fruits from these trees. This industry has given numerous women jobs, and we'll see if I can qualify for this task. Not bad, considering where my responsibility starts with a droplet at a time. The castañeros have been working within the national protected area for several generations, teaching them to use natural resources sustainably. This opens them up
  • 00:15:00 This video showcases some of the natural areas protected in Peru to preserve biodiversity. Huascarán National Park was recognized by UNESCO as a natural heritage of humanity, and is one of the country's major water reserves. It contains 712 glaciers, distributed in more than 180 kilometers of length. This is too much for the glaciers to sustain, and in the next 30 years, they will lose approximately 30% of their volume. However, the local communities have decided to use the adversities of nature to their advantage, for example when a glacier forms a lake and its water exceeds its limits. Some communities drill through the walls of these lakes and drain the water for agricultural, livestock, or energy purposes. These natural resources provide us with a timely opportunity to adapt and use the new lakes and wetlands as we see in the community of Songo'o. By counting 111 different varieties of potatoes, we are able to preserve biodiversity and its economic and nutritional potential. These communities are providing us with a great lesson: to appreciate our natural resources, and to use them efficiently to ensure a sustainable future. This conservation process works best in broken pieces like Cesar Díaz, who overcame 41 broken notes to keep his legacy alive.
  • 00:20:00 This video features a Peruvian man who has been exploring nature for over 50 years. He talks about the importance of preserving natural areas and how we all have a responsibility to give back to the environment. He encourages viewers to explore nature and appreciate all the work that has gone into making it a beautiful place.

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