Summary of Hernán Cortés - Un hombre entre Dios y el diablo

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This video is about Hernán Cortés, a Spanish conquistador who is celebrated for his role in the conquest of Mexico. It is said that Cortés was a man of faith, and that he was in charge of a small number of Spaniards in a hostile environment. One of these Spaniards, argüello, died from his injuries before he could reach his goal of capturing Moctezuma. This event set Cortés on a course of action that would lead to the Spanish conquest of Mexico. Cortés' subordinate, Juan de Escalante, took command after argüello's death and eventually led the Spanish to victory over the Aztecs.

  • 00:00:00 Hernán Cortés is celebrated for his role in the conquest of Mexico, which he accomplished with a small number of Spanish soldiers and a large number of indigenous enemies. He achieved this by defeating Moctezuma II, the ruler of the Aztec empire. No other conquistador was as successful for the Spanish kingdom, nor received such disdain from his king. Cortés' boldness, strategy, and violence led to great changes for the Aztec and Maya empires, and he is admired and despised by millions of people alike. Behind Cortés' image as a heroic or villainous figure, there is a singular man with a life full of both light and shadows. Cortés' Mexican adventure began on the island of Cozumel near the Yucatan Peninsula, and he was the first European to arrive there. After reproaching his first captain for traveling too far inland and seizing indigenous lands, the Spaniards found a small temple to the goddess Ixchel in the forest. Christianity was one of the reasons given for the conquest of Cortés in that era; the gods of the indigenous people and their bloody sacrifices horrified the Spaniards, even though they were immune to Spanish torture and burning in religious ceremonies. After cleansing this place of pagan idols
  • 00:05:00 Hernán Cortés returned to Spain after eight years in the Maya empire, grateful to have survived with his compatriots and with the aim of serving God and Spain. His experience with the Indians will prove invaluable in future conquests. Herónimo de Aguilar allowed Cortés to understand and communicate with the Maya, and the Spanish won the battle for Mexico. Among the Spanish gifts to the Aztec leaders were women - a key ingredient in Cortés' conquest. Although it is unclear what Cortés' challenge is, it is likely to be about the school's costs. Lady Jane Grey, despite having very sparse information about her, must have been very impressive, as she was among the Spanish slaves given to Cortés. Ma Lin Chen must have distinguished herself among the other slaves given to the Spanish, displaying qualities such as attitude and character. Finally, Cortés baptizes one of the Aztec chiefs.
  • 00:10:00 In this video, Hernán Cortés is discussed, with particular emphasis on his interactions with Moctezuma the Aztec emperor. Cortés is said to have initially been attracted to Marina, but to have realized the strategic value of Malinche, Marina's unique sister. Moctezuma, unaware of Cortés' true intentions, is said to have been impressed by his guest's intelligence and decisiveness. Cortés' next step was to visit San Juan de Ulúa, where he encountered emissaries from the great tlatoani, Moctezuma's superior. Moctezuma was initially hesitant to believe that the Spaniards were gods, but after listening to Cortés' explanation, he allowed for the possibility that Quetzalcóatl might have returned. The second mission of Cortés' emissaries was to collect information about the Spaniards. They were successful in recording what interested Moctezuma, and even drew some sketches of the Spaniards that were later used as propaganda by the tlatoani. Moctezuma's mistake was believing that the gifts would stop the Spaniards from advancing. In the end, Cortés was able to convince Moctezuma to continue the alliance,
  • 00:15:00 This video introduces Hernán Cortés, a Spanish conquistador who founded the city of Veracruz and successfully invaded and conquered many other indigenous peoples. Malin, a Maya woman, is attracted to Cortés because of his militaristic appearance and conquests. She soon realizes that he is different from the other men in the Spanish army, and she learns that he is from a different, conquered tribe. Cortés quickly realizes the opportunity that exists and approaches the city of Zempoala, the capital of the totonacas, an indigenous people under the control of the mexicas. The totonacas were happy to hear of the Spaniards' arrival, and Gordito Cortes (the cacique of the totonacas) was very pleased to meet Cortés. Cortés and Malin discuss the potential alliance between their two tribes, and Gordito agrees to help the Spaniards conquer the mexicas. Cortés then makes a secret deal with the cacique: in return for his help, Gordito will be exempt from tribute payments, and he will also receive Spanish citizenship. With this agreement, the alliance between the Spaniards and the totonacas is formed, and the conquest of Mexico is underway. Cortés finds many
  • 00:20:00 Hernán Cortés achieved victory in Mexico by working with his enemies of the Aztecs. Cortés did not achieve success with the help of Carlos Vth's governor, but instead achieved it in defiance of Diego Velázquez's explicit instructions. He achieved legal legitimacy for his actions by becoming a professor at Salamanca University. After moving Veracruz northward, Cortés secured appointments for his friends in new official positions and presented them with a document authorizing him as captain and justice mayor of Veracruz. This message from Spain was a response to reports of Cortés' conquests in Mexico. Executed leaders of the Spanish expedition were hung, while the priest who helped Cortés, Juan Diaz, was spared. Cortés' victory was marred by the desertion of some of his most loyal men, and he eventually executed them. Cortés' message of thanks to the emperor included a poem praising love, which became known as "Yo no te amo." This success was followed by five years of study in Salamanca and Chile, where he developed his insight into law. Cortés emerged from this experience a changed man, with a new sense of duty and responsibility.
  • 00:25:00 Hernán Cortés was a man between God and the Devil. He ordered his troops to amputate the feet of a disobedient subject. That event would lead to one of the most famous episodes in the life of Cortés, before embarking on his journey to the interior of Mexico-Tenochtitlan. Cortés left a strong garrison in Villa Rica de la Veracruz and to avoid the temptation of new disappointments, he ordered the sinking of his neighborhoods. Although often said incorrectly that what Cortés did was to sink weapons into the ground, he actually arrived in Mexico City on horseback. Cortés fought several times against the Toltec-Chichimecs and won, confronting the unyielding Xicotencatl the Younger in one of his camps. Cortés received 50 envoys from the own Jicote in Cadiz and suspecting they were spies ordered a brutal castle to be built in a letter to the king of Spain. He describes the man of taking all 50 and cutting their hands off. Seeing the determination of Cortés and the power of Spanish arms, the Toltec-Chichimecs allied themselves with him now they could freed themselves from the Mexican tyranny. Following the
  • 00:30:00 In 1519, Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés arrived in the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan. After being welcomed by the ruler, Moctezuma II, Cortés and his men were amazed by the city's size and beauty. Cortés and the Mexica soon clashed over the Spaniards' demands for more tribute and power. As the years went on, the Spaniards' brutality against the Mexica people led to a bloody massacre. The treachery of Cortés' allies was revealed when they joined the Spaniards in attacking unarmed Cholula. This was one of the darkest chapters in Cortés' biography, and some of his less-known passages are filled with violence and bloodshed. When Cortés and his men finally arrived in Tenochtitlan, they were astonished by the city's size and splendor. The Mexica capital was home to over 200 large pyramids dedicated to Aztec gods, and the surface of the city was covered in large, flat platforms. Despite the Mexica's sacrifices of human victims in their temples, their laws allowed for peaceful coexistence. The Mexica society was quite well-structured, and their four main roads led to landlocked Mexica provinces. At the market
  • 00:35:00 Hernán Cortés, a Spanish conquistador, is discussed in this video. It is mentioned that his actions in Mexico may have caused more harm than good, and that he was infamous for his brutality. However, it is also mentioned that Cortés was a man of faith, and that he was in charge of a small number of Spaniards in a hostile environment. One of these Spaniards, argüello, died from his injuries before he could reach his goal of capturing Moctezuma. This event set Cortés on a course of action that would lead to the Spanish conquest of Mexico. Cortés' subordinate, Juan de Escalante, took command after argüello's death and eventually led the Spanish to victory over the Aztecs.
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  • 00:45:00 After arriving in Mexico City, Hernán Cortés quickly surrendered to the Spanish and united with many of his men. However, the men from Narváez were going to be the indirect responsible for the death of many indigenous people. One of the men with Narváez, who was sick with viruela, arrived in Mexico City. No weapons attracted by the Spanish attracted such deadly and destructive diseases as those the indigenous people did not have immunity to. Meanwhile, in Veracruz, Pedro de Alvarado granted the Mexicans permission to celebrate an annual festival in honor of Huitzilopochtli and Tezcatlipoca. However, fearing a rebellion, the Spanish and their allies the canteras attacked them when they were gathered in the temple. Around 600 nobles, lords and captains of mexica unarmed and adorned for the religious festival were slaughtered without mercy in a bloody massacre. That was going to be the drop that would break the mexica's resistance. When Cortés arrived in Tenochtitlán, the Mexicans were burning and attacking Spanish settlements wherever they found one. Cortés, as the only huésped of the Spanish in Mexico, had to flee.
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  • 00:55:00 After occupying Mexico City one year later, Hernán Cortés writes to Emperor Charles V about his planned search for many islands rich in spices, pearls, and expensive jewels. Cortés organizes different expeditions with commercial and geographic goals, but unfavorable fortune seems to follow him, and he eventually writes one of the darkest chapters in his history, committing the fatal mistake of expeditioning to the good lands - the Honduras route - to punish one captain. This revelation to the violinist leads to an absurd, difficult, and ultimately fruitless expedition. Cortés' predecessor, Cuitláhuac, had died of viruela in an epidemic after the bitter night of the defeated siege of Tenochtitlan. When the Mexica, in need of a leader during their darkest hour, named Cuauhtémoc, Cortés' cousin and successor as ruler of Mexico, he did not hesitate to appoint him. Cuauhtémoc did not have doubts about Moctezuma's intentions after his capture - he had survived torture and been kept alive by Cortés burning his feet in a vain attempt to get him to confess the location of the Mexica treasure. This time, Cortés did not fear an indigenous rebellion that

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Hernán Cortés was a Spanish conquistador who played a significant role in the conquest of Mexico. He is a controversial figure in Mexican history, and is considered both a hero and a villain depending on the perspective. Cortés was born into a mixed race, which led to him having a unique perspective on the Conquest of Mexico. He is now seen as a symbol of both Mexican history and Mexican identity.

  • 01:00:00 Hernán Cortés was a Spanish conquistador who is considered to be one of the most influential figures in the history of the Americas. Cortés was born in 1485 to a family of modest means, but he was determined to become a nobleman and eventually rule the country. He became very successful in his career, and in 1527 he sailed to Mexico in order to conquer it. However, due to his connections to the nobility and his longstanding rivalry with the powerful viceroy Antonio de Mendoza, Cortés did not enjoy the favor of the emperor Charles V. Cortés' life was marked by misfortune after misfortune, including the death of his first son and the poisoning of his second. However, Cortés never gave up and continued to pursue his goals, eventually returning to Spain in 1530. There, he unsuccessfully attempted to get the emperor to grant him a royal decree of residency, and he was eventually expelled from the political arena. Cortés spent the rest of his life rebuilding his businesses and exploring the Pacific Ocean. He died in 1547 at the age of 58.
  • 01:05:00 Hernán Cortés is a historical figure who played a significant role in the conquest of Mexico by Spain. While he is widely known for his victories in battle, Cortés is also known for his shrewdness in negotiating with the indigenous peoples. His death, however, marked the beginning of the end for the Spanish empire in Mexico. After Cortés' death, his body was exhumed multiple times and buried in different locations around Mexico City. Recently, scientists have been able to determine that Cortés was actually of mixed race and was in fact not of pure Spanish descent. This information has led to a reconsideration of Cortés' legacy and has opened up new perspectives on his role in the conquest.
  • 01:10:00 Hernán Cortés is a controversial figure in Mexican history. He is considered both a hero and a villain, depending on the perspective of the person reviewing his story. Cortés was born into a mixed race, which led to him having a unique perspective on the Conquest of Mexico. While some view him as a liberator, others consider him a conqueror who committed atrocities. Cortés' legacy is still debated today, and he is often seen as a symbol of Mexican independence, or of Spanish imperialism. Despite his mixed heritage, Cortés rose to become a powerful figure in Mexico. He was a military commander, businessman, and explorer, and is credited with helping to create Mexico's modern economy. However, he is also infamous for his role in the Conquest of Mexico, and for his actions during the Mexican Revolution. Cortés is now seen as a symbol of both Mexican history and Mexican identity, and is a popular tourist destination.
  • 01:15:00 Hernán Cortés is celebrated for his conquests in the New World. He united with Moctezuma II and founded the Aztec empire. Cortés is known for his daring and for his ability to always achieve what he sets out to do.

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