In this video, the sources of history are discussed, including the auxiliary sciences that help support the historical method. These sciences provide valuable information about the past and help historians make accurate studies of the past.
00:00:00 The history of science is the study of the origins and development of knowledge, including the physical sciences and humanities. The history of science uses various sources of evidence, such as written documents, archaeological remains, and oral traditions.
One of the main sources of information for historians is written documents. Historians use written documents to study events that have occurred in the past. These documents can be written manuscripts or printed material, such as chronicles. Historians also use written documents to study culture, such as architecture, art, folklore, and customs.
One of the most important sources of information for the history of science is archaeological remains. Archaeological remains are objects created or produced by humans that provide evidence of the culture of the past. Some examples of archaeological remains are the Chinese wall, ceramic objects, metal objects, flora, and fauna.
Another important source of information for the history of science is oral traditions. Oral traditions are stories, songs, poems, and other forms of communication that are passed down from one generation to the next.
Historians also use other sources of evidence, such as language, to study the history of science. Languages such as Greek and Latin were used to study the ancient world. Mythological stories, legends,
00:05:00 The sources of history, including auxiliary sciences of history, provide information about physicalcharacteristics of past men from sources that include audiovisuals. Primary sources, which contain original information that has been published for the first time, are critical for historical research. Secondary sources, which are based on primary sources, are produced after analysis and interpretation of primary sources. In this classification of sources, we first see this chronicle written by Guamán Poma de Ayala, a primary source, and over time, several books have been written based on this document, including Natá Muscle's book, The Victors, which is based on Poma's chronicle. Another primary source is the Inca Garcilaso de la Vega's 10-chapter Comentarios Reales de los Incas, which is a primary source that has been extensively researched and analyzed over the years, leading to the production of many books. We next see Miguel Grau's letter to the widow of Arturo Prat, a Chilean naval captain during the Iquique battle in 1839, which expresses his condolences for the loss of this important mariner. This document was a primary source for later studies that permitted the production of new books, such as Miguel Grau's Man and
00:10:00 In this video, sources of history are discussed, including auxiliary sciences such as geography, economics, sociology, archaeology, linguistics, anthropology, numismatics, heraldry, genealogy, paleography, and chronology. It is explained that, today, historians rely on a wider range of sources to make accurate studies of the past, including disciplines such as geography, economics, sociology, archaeology, linguistics, anthropology, numismatics, heraldry, genealogy, paleography, and chronology. These auxiliary sciences help support the historical method by providing valuable information about the past.